Chlamydia tests can be done on some types of samples. For many of people; however, the choice of sample is simple. A urine test is a very easy way to detect chlamydia.
All they have to do is pee in a cup and wait for results! The downside of urine testing is that you can only use it to test for the genital disease.
Swab: A swab is taken off the urethra (men), cervix (women), and rectum (for people who have receptive anal sex). For women, the cervical swab is taken as part of a pelvic exam done with a speculum; This process is painless, although some people may find it embarrassing or uncomfortable.
Urine: Many providers will also use a urine test to diagnose chlamydia. This is more commonly offered to men than women. Urine tests can be offered to women,
Unfortunately, they are slightly less sensitive than a cervical swab and so are less often used. Recent studies, however, suggest that urine testing may be a reasonably efficient way to diagnose chlamydia in women in settings where a pelvic exam is impractical.
It’s also possible for women to take their swabs. Unfortunately, not all doctors are comfortable with that as an option.
Once a sample has been acquired, it is forwarded to a laboratory for testing. Depending on the sample and the lab, testing may involve:
- developing chlamydia from the specimen,
- looking for chlamydial DNA,
- using antibodies to identify whether or not the sample contains any organisms.
Can I get a chlamydia test at home or online?
Purchasing an online chlamydia test is possible; However, these tests are not done online! Usually, they involve you visiting a laboratory site and leaving a sample. These laboratories are the same places your doctor would send your samples for testing. If that is the case, the testing is just as accurate.
On the upside, you can usually arrange for testing on your schedule. On the downside, you have to pay for the test out of pocket. If you visit your doctor, insurance will often cover STD testing.
In some areas of the world, home chlamydia tests are also available. These usually involve a sample collection kit that has been sent through the mail. Then the sample is sent back to the testing provider. For some people, this may be easier than going to a doctor. However, not all home tests are of equal quality.