The European Core Health Indicators (ECHI), formerly known as European Community Health Indicators are the result of a long-term cooperation between the EU Member States and the European Commission. Three ECHI projects (1998-2001, 2001-2004, 2005-2008) funded under the EU Health Programmes established the first lists of ECHI indicators, aiming to create a comparable health information and knowledge system to monitor health at EU level.
Under the Second Programme of Community Action in the Field of Health 2008-2013, the EU funded the Joint Action (JA) on European Community Health Indicators Monitoring (ECHIM). The JA ECHIM built on previous achievements and developed more precise definitions of the indicators and continued the implementation of the indicators in the Member States. One of the aims of the ECHIM was to consolidate and expand the ECHI indicator system towards a sustainable health monitoring system in Europe supporting the EU Health Strategy. The work was carried out in close collaboration with Member States, the European Commission, Eurostat, WHO, OECD and other international organisations. The JA ended in June 2012 and the main result was a shortlist of 88 health indicatorsclassified by policy areas.
In May 2013, the Expert Group on Health Information agreed to rename the ECHI to European Core Health Indicators.
Definitions and data collection are in place for nearly 60 out of 88 ECHI indicators. The indicators under development still need further refinement before being accessible in the ECHI data tool. ECHI indicators are grouped below under five main chapters. To access data and metadata, click on the indicator to go to the ECHI data tool. This tool allows presenting selected indicators in different layouts: line chart, bar chart, map or table.
Indicators are at the crossroads of policy questions and data sets. They reflect a policy interest as well as a selected set of possibilities in terms of what can be calculated. For these reasons, the European Commission also presents other European health indicators that are not part of the ECHI system but are still useful to health stakeholders (see below). Intended indicators below are also directly accessible through the ECHI data tool.
Where considered useful or appropriate, stratification by gender and age is applied. Breakdowns by socio-economic or regional level are provided when available.